The Samoan Technique
The Samoan technique is very painful. The tattooist uses two tools: one has the appearance of a comb (3 to 20 needles) derived from bones or shells and attached to a wooden handle, the other is the stick used to hit the first tool.
The “comb” is immersed in the pigment (obtained from the ash of particular plants mixed with water or oil), then struck with a stick to make it penetrate under the skin.In practice the ritual 3D Tattoo artist can have several people helping him that keep in tension the skin , and sometimes the sound of drums and songs accompanied the performance.
The Japanese Technique
The traditional Japanese technique – Tebori – consists in making the needles enter obliquely into the skin, with less violence but also causing in this case a discrete pain.The instruments are represented by processed bamboo handles that have different needles.The 3D-tattoo artist with one hand keeps tension on the skin, holding a brush full of color between the toes.
The other hand is passing the needle through the brush, and using the first-hand as a support punctures the skin.Although in Japan today the use of electric machines has spread, the black ink is still applied by hand in many 3D tattoo shop.
The 3D tattoos made with traditional techniques are unique, and it is said can not be reproduced by any machine. The 3D tattoo traditional Japanese takes the name of Irezumi.
The American Technique
The American technique involves the use of an electric needle that does not cause pain, but at most a feeling of discomfort.And ‘the technique that today, in the West, is the most popular, due to the characteristic of not being painful (but do not forget that in certain places and at certain times the experience of getting inked is closely linked to the experience of pain).
The 3D tattoo machine as has the shape of a gun, with the aid of electromagnetic coils, the needle is set in motion.The principle of operation was invented by Thomas Edison in 1876, but it was only in 1891 that Samuel O’Reilly saw the possibility of using this principle to inject ink under the skin.
The Thai Technique
Many of the 3D tattoos made with the ancient Thai technique, closely related to Buddhism, have a religious theme, and were originally worn and tattooed by the monks themselves.The traditional instrument is a long brass tube, with a pointed rod that slides inside.
Once the tip is soaked in the pigment, a hand holds the end of the tube in contact with the skin while the other hand guide the rod in its piercing action, as a slow sewing machine.The lines that are obtained with this technique are formed by dots in sequence, and not by a continuous line.